Migraine is the most common neurological disorder on the planet, affecting more than 37 million people in the US alone.
Migraine is called a primary headache disorder because it is not secondary to another cause, such as trauma (head injury), obstructive lesions (brain tumors), vascular disorders (stroke, aneurysms) or infections (meningitis, sinusitis). And it is a primary headache condition, meaning the problem is a biological disorder in your brain. Scientists across the globe refer to it as a genetically linked neurovascular disorder.
Unfortunately, there is no cure for migraine at this time. However, there are many approved drugs and devices aimed at preventing migraine attacks before they occur (daily preventive or prophylactic medication) and stopping them if they do occur (taken at the onset of an attack, called abortive or acute attack medication).
There are a variety of different types of migraines, and distinguishing between them is important in order to optimize treatment plans and, thus, to improve the quality of life of the individual and their families. Migraines may be episodic or chronic, and can present with or without aura.
Chronic Migraine: Have you been correctly diagnosed?
What is Migraine?
Migraine Types: Episodic Migraine vs. Chronic Migraine
Migraine Types: Migraine without Aura
Migraine Types: Migraine with Typical Aura
Common Migraine Symptoms and Causes
How is Migraine Diagnosed?
How is Migraine Treated?
Migraine and Disability